One Way ANOVA in SPSS One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is used to determine whether there are any statistically significant differences among the means of three or more independent groups.  One Way ANOVA has the following hypothesis. Null hypothesis: µ1 = µ2 = µ3  …µk (k is the number […]

Logistic Regression in SPSS Logistic Regression is a supervised learning technique, which is used to understand the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. Logistic regression is conducted by estimating the probabilities and by using the logistic regression equation. Assumptions 1. Logistic regression requires the dependent […]

Linear Regression Analysis in SPSS Linear Regression attempts to model the relationship between two variables by fitting a linear equation to the observed data. Linear Regression is a supervised learning algorithm. Here, we are predicting the dependent variable by using the independent variable. Assumptions 1. Dependent variable should be continuous. […]

Chi-Square test in SPSS Independent-Samples T Test is used to compare the means of two groups. The Independent Samples T Test is also known as Two Samples T Test. Independent Samples T Tests have the following hypotheses. Null hypothesis: The means of two populations are equal. Alternative hypothesis: The means […]


Chi-Square test in SPSS   The Chi-Square test of independence is used to test whether there is an association among categorical variables.  Assumptions: 1. The Chi Square test requires variables to be categorical (ordinal or nominal). 2. Variables should have two or more categories. Here, we have taken two categorical […]

literature review

Systematic Review Systematic Review – Why and How?  Systematic review, as the name implies, employs systematic methods to collect secondary data and synthesize findings by critically appraising research studies. Writing a systematic review can be challenging in so many ways. For instance, why do the researchers select some studies and reject […]


Academic Integrity – Avoiding Plagiarism Academic integrity is the practice of maintaining ethics and values in research and publishing. Dishonest behaviors, such as cheating, plagiarism, falsification, and fabrication, are strictly unwelcome in research work.  Plagiarism denotes literary theft and it is a frightening word for researchers. An academic writer is […]

systematic review

UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS What is Remdesivir’s effect in the treatment of COVID-19? In a primary care clinic, a physician frequently has to have comprehensive information to queries like this. To obtain the answers to a clinical inquiry like this, one must consult textbooks, consult a fellow physician, or browse an […]

Research paper writing

GETTING STARTED: SELECTING A THEME TO MAKE IT DISTINCTIVE Pick a research theme that piques your curiosity and presents you with the most hurdles. The amount of work and excitement you devote into your research may be determined by your perspective toward the subject. Concentrate on a certain aspect, such […]


DBA or a PhD? DBA and PhD: DBA is a doctorate degree in business management, while PhD is a doctorate degree in Philosophy. Subject: DBA is business-orientated course, whereas PhD degree can be achieved in any field of education. Scope: DBA is an applied program because it focuses on applying […]